This is the first issue of The Herald newspaper which was established and edited by David Hamilton Jackson after he returned from Denmark in 1915. Addressed to the Black masses, its editorials and articles forthrightly addressed the shortcomings of Danish colonial rule and the White power elite, while advocating the cause and promoting the upliftment of the common people. Among other things, it facilitated the establishment of the first labor union, championed worker rights and elevated racial consciousness. The Herald was published until 1925. (The link provided is to the very first issue, it contains among other topics information about those that Jackson credited and thanked for their help, including Crucians living in New York.)
In this activity, students will use questions to examine the first issue of the Herald newspaper, learn about David Hamilton Jackson, and will explore and discuss freedom of the press.
Primary Sources in this Activity
Suggested Teaching Instructions
Before using this activity, lead the class in a discussion about primary sources. Discuss newspapers, and ask students to list strengths and weaknesses of using newspapers as primary sources. Discuss what an editorial is and what its purpose is in a newspaper.
Load the newspaper onto an interactive smart board and have students make observations together. If there is not a smart board, students can work in small groups at computers. There are a few pages in the newspaper.
Analyze the Primary Source
You may load the Analyze a Written Document worksheet on the smart board or on computers so that you can lead students through answering the questions, print the worksheet and distribute to your students, or adapt the questions from the worksheet to create your own. Primary Source Analysis Worksheets
Have students complete the analyze a written document worksheet individually, in small groups, or as a class. Help students as needed to complete the worksheets. Review their answers and the observations as a class.
Make Connections: Using what you learned and evidence from the newspaper, write your own Editorial defending Freedom of the Press.